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NEED FOR INCREASED SCREENING AND BRIEF INTERVENTION FOR ADOLESCENTS

Purpose:

A study by Hingson, Zha, Iannotti and Simons-Morton (2013) published inPediatrics assessed the proportion of US 10th graders who saw a physician in the past year and were asked and given advice about their drinking.

Results:

Only 25% of frequent drinkers, bingers, and those drunk, 36% of frequent smokers, 27% of frequent marijuana users, and 42% of frequent other drug users were advised to reduce or quit those behaviors.

Conclusions:

The authors concluded there is a need to increase the proportion of physicians who follow professional guidelines to screen and counsel adolescents about unhealthy alcohol use and other behaviors that pose health risks.

Application:

One approach to effectively address alcohol in brief interventions is to use the manuals developed by NIAAA, or the American Academy of Pediatrics. Another more holistic approach for cost-effectively increasing multiple behavior screening and brief intervention among adolescents and young adults by physicians and other physical, mental and behavioral healthcare professionals is to use evidence-based programs based on the Behavior-Image Model. One such program, SPORT, not only addresses alcohol use, but other types of drug use while promoting health enhancing behaviors like physical activity, healthy eating and getting adequate sleep using scripted positive communication targeting appealing images of adolescents.

Study Report:

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2013/01/23/peds.2012-1496.full.pdf+html

Other Resources:

NIAAA Practitioners Guide, “Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth”:http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/YouthGuide/YouthGuide.pdf

Promoting Positive Behavior and Self-Image:http://briefhealthprograms.com/PDF/Better-Spring-2012-p20-21.pdf


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