Evidence-based and Evidence-informed Prevention
Prevention Plus Wellness (PPW) provides evidence-based and evidence-informed substance use prevention programs for professionals, lay staff, parents and youth. While there is no universally accepted definition of “evidence-based” and “evidence-informed,” both of these terms will be described and examples of each provided below.
Evidence-based Prevention Programs
In a broad sense, evidence-based prevention involves two things. First, that a particular program (strategy or policy) has been evaluated and found to produce positive outcomes and second, that it is listed in an evidence-based data base.
The first element of being evidence-based means the program is “research-based” in that it has undergone some type of standardized evaluation and has been reported to produce positive effects, such as delaying or reducing substance use.
The second element of evidence-based programs is they have been accepted for inclusion in an evidence-based data base which sets certain standards for program inclusion.
Well-known examples of evidence-based data bases include the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) (http://nrepp.samhsa.gov/01_landing.aspx), and Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development (http://www.blueprintsprograms.com/).
Prevention Plus Wellness provides two evidence-based programs listed in both of these data bases. SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness for youth ages 8-18 (http://preventionpluswellness.com/sport/), and InShape Prevention Plus Wellness for young adults ages 18-25 (http://preventionpluswellness.com/inshape/).
Both of these evidence-based programs are unique from other evidence-based prevention programs in a number of critical ways, including:
- Quick and easy to implement single-lesson interventions
- Prevents alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use while also increasing healthy behaviors
- Scripted to increase fidelity of implementation
- Targets positive behaviors, self-identity and norms
- Improves self-regulation skills to set and monitor multiple health behavior goals
- Includes both one-on-one and group implementation scripts
- Includes both process and outcome evaluation tools allowing immediate pre-post assessment
- Designed for all youth and young adults
- Single purchase includes everything needed to implement to an unlimited number of youth or young adults
- Online and onsite training available for professionals, lay staff, parents and youth
Evidence-informed Prevention Programs
Evidence-informed prevention programs are those that are founded on an evidence-based program, but have not yet been evaluated and/or listed in an evidence-based data base.
Depending upon the degree to which a program is evidence-informed, or reflects an evidence-based program in content and theory, the more likely it is to result in positive outcomes similar to its evidence-based counterpart.
Prevention Plus Wellness offers three groups of evidence-informed programs. The first are those which have undergone evaluation with proven positive outcomes, but have not yet been submitted for inclusion in an evidence-based data base.
This is the case of our Parent Prevention Plus Wellness Flyers (http://preventionpluswellness.com/parent-prevention-plus-wellness-flyers/). These flyers are founded on the evidence-based SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness program and have been shown to prevent youth substance use in published research.
The second type of evidence-informed programs provided by Prevention Plus Wellness are those in which the evidence-based program content was adopted for use with a different population. This is the case for our SPORT Recovery program (http://preventionpluswellness.com/sport-recovery/) adopted from the SPORT PPW program for use with youth in substance abuse treatment and recovery.
In addition, our Prevention Plus Wellness Adult Recovery program (http://preventionpluswellness.com/ppw-adult-recovery/) was adopted from the InShape PPW program for use with adults in substance abuse treatment and recovery.
The third type of evidence-informed programs provided by Prevention Plus Wellness are those founded on the same theoretical and implementation models that underpin our evidence-based programs, but that contain new content. These include the following programs:
- SPORT 2 six-lesson programs (http://preventionpluswellness.com/sport2-prevention-plus-wellness/)
- In God’s Image program for use by faith-based organizations (http://preventionpluswellness.com/in-gods-image/)
- Prevention Plus Wellness Pep Talk Lessons (http://preventionpluswellness.com/ppw-for-parents/)
- Prevention Plus Wellness Teen Contacts (http://preventionpluswellness.com/prevention-plus-wellness-teen-contracts/)
Prevention Plus Wellness (PPW) provides evidence-based and evidence-informed substance use prevention programs for professionals, lay staff, parents and youth. Both types of programs increase the likelihood that positive outcomes will result from their use over those programs that are not based on previous evidence or an evidence-based program.