The Prevention Plus Wellness (PPW) Model integrates substance use/misuse prevention with the promotion of healthy lifestyle behaviors associated with mental and physical wellbeing among youth and adults.
PPW uses a 3-step screening and brief intervention format consisting of:
1) Administering a brief screening survey to increasing participants’ awareness of their current substance use and healthy behaviors,
2) Providing feedback messages highlighting the benefits of engaging in healthy habits and how substance use harms achieving these behaviors and positive future images to increase motivation for change, and
3) Implementing a multi-behavior goal plan/contract and calendar log to initiate behavior change and behavior monitoring to avoid substance use and increase healthy behaviors to increase self-regulation skills and self-efficacy.
PPW programs typically consist of a single 45-minute session and include scripts and PowerPoint slides to provide to youth or adults either individually (one-on-one) or in a group.
PPW programs use an evidence-based practices screening and brief intervention format.
SPORT PPW for youth and InShape PPW for young adults are listed in various evidence-based registries and reports, including SAMHSA Evidence-Based Resource Guides (SPORT), the National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP), and Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development.
SPORT PPW and InShape PPW programs target alcohol and other drug use/misuse prevention while other evidence-informed PPW program adaptations address the prevention of e-cigarette, marijuana, opioid, and other substances.
Additional PPW program versions include:
- PPW Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) which includes a validated screening instrument to assess youth/adult substance use risk with treatment recommendations.
- One-Session Parent PPW Training Programs to help parents and caregivers provide positive behavior and image communication and multiple behavior goal setting at home.
- PPW Media Campaigns which include print and social media content and materials to prevent youth substance use and increase their healthy behaviors in communities and schools.